- Tamil is one of the oldest languages in the world and is considered to be the oldest living language in the world.
- It is the mother of Dravidian family of languages and is predominantly spoken by the Tamil population in India and Sri Lanka.
- Tamil is recognised as the official language of Tamil Nadu state and also the Union Territory of Puducherry and is also an official language in countries like Singapore and Sri Lanka.
1. Mrs. S. ARULMATHI
2009 Batch – ICFS
DIRECTOR, DEPT OF TELECOMMUNICATIONS
- She is an ICFs officer of 2009 Batch Civil Service Examination. Her optional papers are Tamil Literature and Anthropology.
- She has rich experience of 10Years in the field of teaching Tamil Literature Optional.
2. Dr. A. RAJA
Senior Faculty - Tamil Literature
- He has rich experience of 20 Years in the field of teaching.
- Mentored and guided hundreds of successful students for Civil Service Examination.
Why choose Tamil literature as an optional?
- If you have an extreme love for the literature then you’ll find that preparing for this option is akin to therapy.
- Tamil Literature is full of stories and poetry and if this excites you, you should definitely think of taking tamil literature optional and this can your optional paper preparation less strenuous than other subjects.
- The UPSC Syllabus for Tamil Literature is miniscule as compared to many other subjects and you don’t have to update regularly as the syllabus is pretty much static.
- And so, you will not need to keep a tab on current affairs and recent developments, which will save you a plenty of time and resources.
Quality of Answers:
- With Tamil literature optional, there is no limit to beautiful answers that can be framed.
- If you are a reader and writer from childhood, then you’re sure to shine in this paper.
- Reading literature also allows you to garner fresh ideas that can be used for writing brilliant essays so it only helps you to flourish in this particular paper but also with all other paper presentation.
- And it will you help in framing answers for interviews, That’s an added bonus!
- As per the previous years’ records, this can be concluded that very few students go for the literature optional compared to other optional subjects like geography, history, public administration, etc., which is undoubtedly beneficial for you.
- Moreover, the experts and evaluators of literature optional are very few, so that you can get an idea about how to practice answer writing from previous toppers.
- Geography is a highly popular optional subject in the UPSC mains exam.
- It is especially popular with candidates with a science or engineering background because of the nature of the subject itself.
1. Mr. P. SUTHANDIRABALAN, IRS
- He is an IRS Officer of 2016 batch. In his earlier attempt he secured IRAS in 2015.
- He has rich experience of 7 Years in the field of teaching.
2. Mr. SURJITH
- Having appeared for 5 Mains in UPSC Civil Service Exam.
- He has rich experience in the field of Civil Service preparation for the past 12 Years.
- His optional was Geography.
Why choose Geography as an optional?
- One of the main reasons for aspirants to choose geography as optional is that it is considered to be a scoring subject.
- Unlike other subjects like history and other humanities it is not based on interpretation and there is no room for opinion in the exam paper.
- Rather, you can deliver clear cut answers and supplement them with drawing maps, flowcharts and diagrams.
- The average of toppers score in geography is more than 250 hence it is branded as an easy scoring subject in UPSC.
- Geography as optional is not ultra-dynamic like public administration, it’s syllabus has stability and is least affected by current events.
- The defined syllabus of the geography optional gives a proper direction for aspirants to prepare for the exam with ease.
- In other words, you can have more control with the syllabus and questions.
Helps in other papers:
- Geography optional has tremendous overlap with General Studies papers.
- significantly GS paper in prelims, GS paper 1 in the mains and indirectly in many areas of GS Paper-3, With its dynamic nature, geography conjointly contains a ton of references to subjects like social science, environment, ecology, and environment, as these topics are inter-related.
Easily available resources: There are ample number of books, videos and lectures available in the market.
- Sociology is the study of human society.
- Sociology is quite familiar with the daily life of a member of the society and if you go through the syllabus, you may feel a sense of comfort and familiarity with the topics.
- Thus, it has become popular among aspirants in recent times.
Mr. C. SIVANATHAN
- He has appeared for 4 Mains Examinations and had reached till the level of interview.
- He has scored more than 350 Marks in sociology twice.
- He has rich experience of 10Years in the field of teaching.
Why choose Sociology as an optional?
- One of the important reasons for the popularity of sociology as an optional is that the syllabus is precise and concise.
- This would ensure the duration of preparation to be on the shorter side. If you devote 3-4 hours on a daily basis, then it may take around 3-4 months for preparation.
- This is really a short duration compared to the time taken for preparing science optional subjects.
- The shorter phase of preparation would enable you to strengthen your grip over the subject.
Open to all academic background:
- This is one of those subjects which requires no prior expertise of subject matter.
- You can start from scratch and you can do wonders by end of a year or so that’s the reason why Sociology has been a most sought-after subject across aspirants with non-backgrounds.
- It is also reflected in the increasing number of aspirants with sociology and candidates getting selected.
Overlapping with Essay and GS:
- You will find at least one topic overlapping with Sociology in the Essay paper that may be related to Social Justice, Women issues, social transformation in India etc., the sociology background may give you an edge in the essay paper.
- Also, GS Paper 1 syllabus related to Indian Society would not require any special preparation.
- That’s not the end, your sociological insight may have an impact on your answers throughout the mains answers making them pragmatic, diverse and connected to grass root reality.
- Political Science & International Relations or PSIR is one of the popular UPSC optional subjects for the UPSC Mains Exam.
- Political Science and International Relations introduces you to one of the complex subjects and for an aspiring bureaucrat, it is one of the most useful subjects to learn.
- However, it is important to have a strong interest in the subject before choosing it as your optional.
- He has rich experience of 10Years in the field of teaching.
Why choose Political science as an optional?
Coincides Well with General Studies:
- Political science is one such subject that overlaps very well with subjects in General Studies both preliminary as well as mains papers, GS paper 2 in particular.
- This constitutes one of the major advantages of opting for Political Science and International Relations.
Covers Aspects of Current Affairs:
- Political Science syllabus features topics and study aspects that flaunts a bulky current affairs section.
- Hence, one need not spend time to study separately current affairs if he/she completely goes through all the topics of Political science as their optional subject!
No Need of Background in Subject:
- One major highlight of Political Science optional UPSC subject is that you need not stress too much over it.
- It is not too technical or comprehensive. It is a crisp amalgamation of facts and events.
- It boosts your everyday skills and helps you gather basic information as a citizen.
- You need not even have prior knowledge or any sort of expertise in this subject to score well in it.
- All you need is good reading and a detailed understanding of this optional subject.
- For this, it is important that students grab the best books in store for authentic and legitimate knowledge.
Aids Your UPSC Interview Preparation:
- Preparing for the competitive and challenging interview might be your biggest milestone.
- A good grip on concepts of political Sciences and international relations will surely boost your interview skills in UPSC.
- Interviews are well known to test your current affairs knowledge and its connection with International Relations.
- These topics are covered in detail in the Political Science Papers.
- Hence, unlike other students, you need not study, especially for grasping the concepts and political theories pertaining to current affairs.
- Overall, public administration is considered a really good option and is quite popular among the UPSC aspirants.
- It is also reported that in 2012, about 50 per cent of the candidates who cleared UPSC Prelims and Mains had public administration as their optional subject.
- Which is a very strong statistic to support the earlier statement.
- More than 6Years of teaching experiences of Public Administration Optional in Hyderabad. Being very clear and strong in the fundamentals of Public Administration.
- His classes will enable even the beginner to lay a strong foundation in the subject.
- Under his guidance and direction more than 50 candidates have cleared the Civil Service Examination and got service successfully.
Why choose Public administration as an optional?
Ample study materials:
- There are so many wonderful books out there that serve as the perfect study material for public administration optional.
Easy and significant subject:
- Public administration is a subject that is very simple to understand.
- If the aspirant approaches the subject with proper analysis and the right strategy, this subject is sure to add shine to your final marks.
- At the same time, public administration is an interlinking subject that deals with governance and administration.
- For future Bureaucrats, it helps to acquire knowledge about the working mechanism of a country.
Coverage in GS:
- A lot of topics covered in the general studies paper overlaps with the public administration syllabus.
- This is a big advantage for aspirants who generally have to study a lot of content.
- The questions in public administration optional paper are generally straightforward and easy to answer.
- Maths, often vilified as the toughest subject in school, students, barring exceptions, universally dread maths.
- In the IAS exam, the performance of this subject has been ambiguous.
- Many toppers have attributed their success and high rank to the maths optional, whereas many candidates have had very low marks in the maths option.
Mr. M. Sivaraj
- A Graduate in Engineering with Excellent Mathematics and Aptitude skills.
- He has an experience of 8 years in teaching the students of various institutions in different states, he teaches Aptitude (CSAT) and Mathematics Optional.
- An expert in shortcut methods of solving Aptitude problems, he is charismatic in his approach among the students.
Why choose Mathematics as an optional?
- The syllabus is static and hence you need not update regularly.
- candidates who attempt for the second time or more find it very advantageous.
- Mathematics is a scoring subject as an optional.
- Because there is no theory to memorise and your performance entirely depends on your understanding of the underlying logic behind every topic.
- If your preparation is good and you have speed and accuracy in calculation, you can score way more than what is possible with any humanities optionals.
- The competition is much less than other optional papers as very few candidates choose maths.
- As well as assessing the performance right after the exam is much easier since there is no subjectivity in maths and the marks depend only on right or wrong calculation.
- Maths is particularly suitable for candidates who are not fond of or have the ability to memorise.
Anthropology is the study of what makes us human. Anthropologists take a broad approach to understanding the many different aspects of the human experience, which we call holism. They consider the past, through archaeology, to see how human groups lived hundreds or thousands of years ago and what was important to them. They consider what makes up our biological bodies and genetics, as well as our bones, diet, and health. Anthropologists also compare humans with other animals (most often, other primates like monkeys and chimpanzees) to see what we have in common with them and what makes us unique.Anthropology is one of the popular UPSC optional subjects among the Civil Services aspirants. The reason for its popularityranges from the easily accessible resources for preparation to a lighter and easily understandable syllabus. Both of which stands true to the claim.
1. Mrs. S. ARULMATHI
2009 Batch – ICFS
She had been guiding and mentoring the students for civil services 2009
Why choose Anthropology as an optional?
The foremost and most vital windfall is that questions are generally direct. They are not abstract and subjective but more objective. A good understanding of the basic concept can give you a good score.With proper diagrams, tables, flowchart and so on, we save our timeandscore high. Answer writing becomes less hectic.It is easy to grab this subject if you study with interest and concern. Your attention while studying would overweigh your performance.The most important aspect is its relation to other disciplines. It has an interdisciplinary connection with many subjects of GS paper I and II. Even Internal Security issues can be understood by using Anthropology. Almost all the entire Biotechnology is also covered.The syllabus is normal. Unlike other subjects it is not so lengthy and abstract that it forces you to give 6 to 8 months for preparation and formulation. You can acquire it in 4 months approximately.